Wednesday, 22 May 2013

HHWeekender - FW Painting Tutorial

Weathering Vehicles Tutorial: 
Emperor's Children Legion Land Speeder by Phil Stutcinskas


Tools:
Foam/sponge
Blue roll
Custom wash (windscreen washer fluid and citadel paints
Standard Dry brush
Small dry brush
Detail brush
Lahmien medium
Weathering powders

Preparing the model:
Black undercoat
Purple overcoat (graffiti paint)
Subtle zenith highlight with an airbrush

Chipped and scuffed:
Using Genestealer purple, pallet up and thin it slightly with water then get a small piece of sponge and subtly dab the paint on the model - there should be hardly any paint on the sponge. This phase is designed to create a marbling effect to allow shades to mingle. You can be quite extensive at this stage and you could even go darker rather than lighter, you are trying to achieve depth of colour on the model.
Add a bit of white to lighten the colour, not much - remember, we want gradual increments of change. It's important to let it dry between each stage. Going over it too soon leads to smudging. Try to break up the larger panelled areas. It will probably looked a bit splodged at this stage, like someone has sneezed on it...
Get used to using the lahmian medium. This helps to blend the layers. Mix the base colour (genestealer purple) with the medium to thin it down. Water won't do the trick here so don't try. Thin it down so it's quite runny. Now blend it with a (very dry) dry brush. Dab the brush over the layers to blend the edges of the sponged layers. If it doesn't blend the first time, that's fine, move land when it's dry do another layer. Let the brush stumble over the model.
Using pure paint, sponge over things like corners and ridges. Once dry, repeat stage 3, blend the layer with the medium.
Start to pick the edges out with the fine detail brush. It doesn't need to be over every edge, just the prominent parts.
We've gone up with highlights, now it's time to shade down. Using Skaven Claw to pick out superficial damage where paint has gone down to the bare metal. With certain legions this will be more pronounced than others (death guard, world eaters etc). This is about adding natural contrast. Think about placing wear and tear, where is it likely to be? At the front, under carriage, exhausts, doors etc. make sure you leave some of the pale colour showing through, these low lights are supposed to show the contrast.
You can now use the fine detail brush to add low lights and shading in the same way as we did for the highlights, adding specific scuffs and scrapes etc.
Repeat the medium blend with this darker shade, going over the previous fine detail lines. You need to go over the whole surface/panel to blend it properly, don't be focussed on just the area you've shaded with the paint.
Soak the excess off with a dry brush to draw the fluid off the model - you need to do this quickly or you'll get tide marks from the medium.
Repeat all of these stages until you're happy or bored.

Dust Tones:
You need to be very conscious of the colours you're using when adding dust tones. Use the colour when to help you make the right choice. Dust tones should be complementary. Purple and yellow, blue and orange, red and khaki.
Water down your base dust colour with medium and concentrate in recesses where dirt is likely to collect. Don't do too much of an area at once or it won't dry evenly.
Weathering powders are great for texture but can take away definition. Use them at the end to give yourself some texture.
Dust often falls in the highlighted places so the darker recesses are more likely to avoid dust. Use pale colours to make the black pop out - this is an odd idea to get your head around  

Top Tips:
It's important to go through small increments of change when highlighting. Don't be too distinct.
Break it down and make each stage as simple as possible.
Don't be intimidated, just get the bulk of the paint on. You can refine it later 
 Dark colours can pop out detail and contrast just as well as light colours can.
Weathering dulls your model so be mindful of using the right colours.
Make gravity your friend! Hold the bit you're painting on a level plane
Use a hair dryer to speed things up.

Magic Tricks:
Classic way to pop detail is to put a dark wash on it. Use the medium to make your own shades of washes. The range washes are a bit dark and sometimes you want something different. You need to add different amounts of the medium to get the type of shade you want.

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